Home > Java > Calling private methods publicly ?

Calling private methods publicly ?

We Java developers, known 4 access modifiers in Java: private, protected, public, and package. Well, except for the private, the last three, can be called from outside of the class by inheritance, same package or from the instance.

Now, the common question, can private be called publicly (from outside class)? well the answer is NO and YES. No when you use ‘usual’ way to access it, and YES when you ‘hack’ into it using the Reflection API provided by Java itself.

Well okay, now just write the code that we will hack into. I called it as “TheVictim

package com.namex.hack;

public class TheVictim {
	private void hackTest() {
		System.out.println("hackTest called");
	}

	private static void hackTestStatic() {
		System.out.println("hackTestStatic called");
	}

}

Now after that, just follow my code and try to run it. I guarantee that if you followed it right, you will get TheVictim to call both of the hackTest and hackTestStatic. And you can see the output on your screen.

package com.namex.hack;

import java.lang.reflect.InvocationTargetException;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;
import java.lang.reflect.Modifier;

public class HackTest {
	public static void main(String[] args) throws IllegalArgumentException, IllegalAccessException, InvocationTargetException {

		Class c = TheVictim.class;

		Method[] ms = c.getDeclaredMethods();

		for (Method each : ms) {
			String methodName = each.getName();
			each.setAccessible(true); // this is the key
			if (Modifier.isPrivate(each.getModifiers())) {
				
				if (Modifier.isStatic(each.getModifiers())) {
					// static doesnt require the instance to call it.
					each.invoke(TheVictim.class, new Object[] {});
				} else {
					each.invoke(new TheVictim(), new Object[] {});
				}
			}
		}

	}
}


Output example:

hackTestStatic called
hackTest called

Okay, this tutorial has met its purpose. Now you know the Reflection API of java is very powerful feature of programming language. And it’s all up to you to modify or even extend it for your own purpose. Have fun with Java :)

About these ads
Categories: Java Tags: ,
  1. No comments yet.
  1. No trackbacks yet.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 724 other followers

%d bloggers like this: